Here, the harm was knowingly caused in California. Calder moved to have service of process quashed on the grounds that the article was protected by the First Amendment of the US Constitution. Would the exercise of personal jurisdiction over them violate the Due Process clause of the 14th Amendment?Answer: Yes. Jones asserted that the court had jurisdiction based on the large circulation Enquirer enjoyed in California - selling over , copies each week out of a total national circulation of about 5,, copies per week. It is not unfair to hail defendants into a state's courts if the defendant has established "minimum contacts" with the state, and the fact that the actions leading to the suit occurred outside of California does not prevent the assertion of jurisdiction if minimum contacts have occurred. Jones lived in California , and although the Enquirer article had been written and edited in Florida , Jones filed her lawsuit in a California state court. Said that the actions of Ds would normally by sufficient for jurisdiction but court was afraid of the effects of having reporters haled to remote jurisdictions just because their stories could be read there Court of Appeals of CA reversed, ruled for P. Jones filed suit in CA superior court. Also, the merits of the claim of first amendment protection of the article are not relevant to the issue of jurisdiction. The "effects test" says that a state has power to exercise personal jurisdiction over a party who causes effects in a state by an act done elsewhere with respect to any cause of action arising from these effects. The lower court granted the motion. Would the exercise of personal jurisdiction over them violate the Due Process clause of the 14th Amendment? Calder appealed, as did the writer of the article, contending that the writer and editor of a magazine article were like welders of a boiler part.
Calder v. Reasoning: The alleged libelous story concerned the activities of a CA resident and hurt the career of an entertainer who worked in CA.
The court in Keeton found that the sale of "10, to 15, copies of its magazine - a very small percentage of its total publication,"  was sufficient to maintain that Hustler Magazine had sufficient minimum contacts with New Hampshire, such that the state could exercise jurisdiction over the magazine without conflicting with the constitutional requirements of due process.
Jurisdiction was proper given the effects of the Enquirer's Florida conduct in the state of California. The analogy to Buckey Boiler defective boiler which subsequently explodes out of state does not justify jurisdiction over welder who had no control over subsequent movement of boiler is invalid.
Said that the actions of Ds would normally by sufficient for jurisdiction but court was afraid of the effects of having reporters haled to remote jurisdictions just because their stories could be read there Court of Appeals of CA reversed, ruled for P.
Try it out for free. The trial court dismissed the claim as to the author and editor on the grounds that it lacked personal jurisdiction over the defendants, basing this finding on First Amendment concerns that permitting jurisdiction in such cases would chill free speech.