An essay on the history of anthropology
Why is anthropology important essay
The aspects that distinguish anthropology lie mostly in the methodology that anthropologists use to study human beings. What do we believe and why. Anthropology describes how a person changes physically or how the person is affected by evolution. Developments in the systematic study of ancient civilizations through the disciplines of Classics and Egyptology informed both archaeology and eventually social anthropology, as did the study of East and South Asian languages and cultures. The discipline is a holistic study, concerned with all humans, at all times, in all humanity's dimensions. Dawson's support for anthropology created impetus for the profession in Canada. The science of history[ edit ] Marvin Harris , a historian of anthropology, begins The Rise of Anthropological Theory with the statement that anthropology is "the science of history". However, there are also many challenges and bumps in the road along the way. The misconception that anthropologists are not as helpful to the world is wrong. As a response to the constant change in their communities, inhabitants in Mediterranean countries have found it necessary to negotiate homogeneity through modifications to their social institutions. His first line begins: "These are the researches of Herodotus of Halicarnassus Non-European societies were thus seen as evolutionary 'living fossils' that could be studied in order to understand the European past. Thus the term history meant to a large degree the "story" of the fortunes of these players through time. Tacitus[ edit ] The Roman historian, Tacitus , wrote many of our only surviving contemporary accounts of several ancient Celtic and Germanic peoples. The Golden Bough was abridged drastically in subsequent editions after his first.
This includes every aspect of the human condition: language, history, culture, biology, past and present. Ethnographic fieldwork defines cultural anthropology to be holism.
What is anthropology
There was a tendency in late eighteenth century Enlightenment thought to understand human society as natural phenomena that behaved according to certain principles and that could be observed empirically. Since culture affects human beings and human beings affect culture, the two are intertwined, and it therefore, makes sense to study them together Boss focused his studies with the Kwakiutl tribe in Canada, and he focused on the importance of field work. Ethnographic fieldwork has a lot of advantages. The effects of urbanization both positive and negative get examined in the following paragraphs. One can find a topic and find some type of study that an anthropologist has conducted on the matter Anthropology explores what culture is, how it influences society, and why the idea of culture is important. What does kottak mean when he labels anthropology as a humanistic science.
It took Immanuel Kant 25 years to write one of the first major treatises on anthropology, Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of Viewwhich treats it as a branch of philosophy.
The substantial gap in information concerning the study of women was perceived as a male bias, a prejudice made more apparent because what little women-centered fieldwork was done received insufficient attention from the academic community It is all confusing to me.
However, it is the other dimension of Anthropology that is monumental in identifying real world problems and creating resolutions for the purpose of helping individuals or a community as a whole - Applied Anthropology There are four important parts to observing through the anthropological perspective the first being the concept of culture, holistic perspective, comparative perspective, and culture relativism In a 2 to 3 page essay discuss the strengths and weaknesses of this research method.
The aspects that distinguish anthropology lie mostly in the methodology that anthropologists use to study human beings. In , Clifford Geertz set out to answer this question in his article, which was first published in the book New Views of the Nature of Man. Ethnographic fieldwork is characteristic of cultural anthropology Sprandley, 6. In a 2 to 3 page essay discuss the strengths and weaknesses of this research method. Any answer must be articulated in the context of the nature and function of philosophy. He intends "to reassert the methodological priority of the search for the laws of history in the science of man". In place of the old local and national seclusion and self-sufficiency, we have intercourse in every direction, universal interdependence of nations.
Like the 20th-century anthropologists in general, Harris places a high value on the empiricism, or collection of data. Although Tylor undertook a field trip to Mexicoboth he and Frazer derived most of the material for their comparative studies through extensive reading, not fieldworkmainly the Classics literature and history of Greece and Romethe work of the early European folklorists, and reports from missionaries, travelers, and contemporaneous ethnologists.
Anthropology thus transcends the divisions between the natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities to explore the biological, linguistic, material, and symbolic dimensions of humankind in all forms. There was a tendency in late eighteenth century Enlightenment thought to understand human society as natural phenomena that behaved according to certain principles and that could be observed empirically.
In more modern times, their goal has become much more local, in focusing on human problems and issues within the societies they live.
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